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What Was The Agreement Between Britain And China In Mid 80S

In Uncategorized on December 21, 2020 at 2:25 am

The agreement entered into force on 27 May 1985 and was registered by the Chinese and British authorities with the United Nations on 12 June 1985. The Joint Declaration of the Salts and the British consists of eight paragraphs, three annexes on basic policy for Hong Kong, the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group and the Land Leases, as well as the two memorandums of both parties. Each party has the same status and “the whole forms a formal international agreement, legally binding in all its elements. Such an international agreement is the highest form of engagement between two sovereign states. [10] As part of these declarations, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is under the control of the central government of the People`s Republic of China and enjoys a high degree of autonomy, with the exception of foreign affairs and defence. It is authorized to have executive, legislative and independent powers, including final decision-making power. The Basic Law specifies that in addition to Chinese, English can also be used in government bodies and that in addition to the national flag and the national emblem of the PRC, the HKSAR can use its own regional flag and logo. It aims to maintain the capitalist economic and commercial systems previously practiced in Hong Kong. The third paragraph lists the basic policy of the People`s REPUBLIC of China with regard to Hong Kong: Hong Kong has undergone economic changes over the past thirty years and its GDP per capita is now higher than that of Australia. Its success rests on e.V. as a channel of skills and capital between China and the outside world, thus playing a key role in China`s recent economic growth.

For many years, there were fears that China, if it took control, would kill the goose that lay the golden egg. However, these fears were rescued when China developed the “one country, two systems” principle, according to which Hong Kong would retain its distinct economic and political system under Chinese sovereignty. The main concern is not that there will be a sudden change in policy, but that the culture of corruption and guanxi (links) in China is beginning to undermine open commercial and legal behaviour in the territory. Negotiations between Britain and China continued until 1993, but Beijing refused to certify Patten`s plans and abandoned its initial agreement on a Legco “crossing train” to be maintained for two years after 1997. She said that the reformed Legco, elected in the 1995 elections, where the Democrats emerged as the main party (including 16 of the 20 seats elected by direct universal suffrage), would not continue after the transfer to Chinese sovereignty. Indeed, the Chinese government has established a parallel interim legislative power that will take over on 1 July 1997. Some commentators have suggested that some Legco members might be admitted to legislative power after 1997, but it is certain that none of the Democrats or other Liberal members would be among them, although such candidates won the most votes in the poll. (21) Hong Kong will therefore, after July 1997, take over the former fully designated legislative regime. When negotiations between Britain and China on Hong Kong`s political future began in 1982, the British government`s initial proposal was to retain an administrative role in the region after 1997.